As a parent, We always want to encourage our baby to eat different kind of foods from a young age. Baby’s daily diet should include a variety of foods after introducing solids; there is no doubt about that! But certain foods are not safe for your baby before one year that may pose a danger of choking, and some aren’t suitable for the baby’s still-developing digestive system. Here are top 12 foods suggested by many experts and pediatricians that can be unsafe for your baby before she/he turns one!
Here is a quick video for 12 Foods to Avoid feeding your baby the first Year.
Read further below on the detailed information on caution foods for a baby before one year.
Honey may contain botulism bacteria; these bacteria can cause severe food poisoning in babies under one. The illness is called as Infant botulism. For this reason, do not give raw honey or any processed foods containing honey to babies under one year of age.
2. Cow’s Milk
Babies younger than 12 months should not be fed with cow’s milk as the proteins in cows’ milk is not easily digestible for baby’s still maturing tummy. It may cause mild to severe allergy in babies with symptoms skin rash, vomiting, diarrhea if introduced before baby’s first birthday. Also, cow’s milk can replace breastmilk/formula milk which should be a major source of nutrient for baby’s first year.
Food Alternative: Feed your baby with plenty of breastmilk/formula until one year. Expressed breastmilk or formula milk can be added to baby food. Other nutritious dairy sources like homemade yogurt/curd, paneer can be fed instead of cow’s milk.
3. Whole Nuts and Seeds
Nuts are highly nutritious food for babies. But whole nuts such as almonds, cashews, walnuts, etc. are difficult to chew for small babies and may choke. For this reason, Children under five shouldn’t eat whole nuts. Also seeds such as sunflower seeds, pumpkin seeds can be easily inhaled into the baby’s airway and may cause an infection.
4. Sugar & Sugary foods
The preference for sweet taste appears to be inborn in most babies. Babies can have homemade desserts like kheer, halwa, etc. for any special occasion. When you are making desserts, remember that sweet doesn’t always mean sugar. But Candy, jelly, lollypops, sugary cereals, iced cakes, pastries, doughnuts, sweets made with sugar such as gulab jamun, Jalebis, etc. are full of sugar. These are best avoided in the first two years of life for the below reasons:
- Sugary items fill the little tummy without providing essential nutrients
- They may stick to the teeth, sugar helps bacteria to grow, and this causes early tooth decay
- Children to become sweet tooth for life if more sweets are introduced at the young age
- Makes the baby overweight and leads to obesity when babies eat more sweets regularly
Food Alternative: Use fruits/fruit purees like apple, banana, pear as sweeteners or add in minced or pureed dry fruits such as figs, raisins, apricots, etc. Palm sugar/palm jaggery can be added once in a while when making desserts for baby.
Babies need less than 1 gm of salt a day, and their kidneys are too immature to deal with more salt. Most of the Foods such as fruits, vegetables, lentils, eggs, etc. naturally contain salt, and there is no need to add extra salt to your baby for one year. Giving more salt than the recommended amount may damage the kidney. Note that commercial baby food may contain added salt, make sure to read the labels before buying.
Food Alternative: If your baby finds the food bland without salt, try adding spices like ginger, garlic, cumin seeds, pepper, etc. in little amount. Also if you are giving family meals to your baby, make sure to remove a cooked portion before adding salt.
6. Caffeinated & Aerated drinks
Keep the babies away from anything caffeinated such as coffee, tea, colas, chocolates, fizzy drinks, sodas, sweetened drinks, energy drinks, soft drinks, etc. By giving them, we could be setting up bad eating habits. As caffeine can cause dental problems, dehydration, obesity, restlessness, and malnutrition in babies.
Food Alternative: Breastmilk, formula milk, water, and coconut milk are the best drinks for the baby. Also, homemade fruit juices can occasionally be given but not more than 120 ml/4 ounces of fruit juice per day as breastmilk/formula should be baby’s primary nourishing fluid during the first year.
7. Sticky foods
Avoid feeding a spoonful of sticky foods to your baby. Nut butter(peanut butter/almond butter), marshmallows, chewing gum, jelly, gummy candies shouldn’t be given for the reasons stated below; As the sticky consistency of these foods are
- Too hard for your baby to swallow it
- Big clumps can be lodged in your baby’s throat
- Can get stuck in the back of baby’s mouth
- Put your baby at risk for choking
Food Alternative: Spread a thin layer of nut butter on bread or crackers. Or thin it with water or fruit juices. You can also try dates syrup as an alternative to nut butter on bread.
8. Hard foods and large chunks of food
Hard foods like popcorn, pretzels and Large Chunks of Meat, dry fruits, Cheese or Fruits are all potential choking hazards as it can get stuck in your baby’s throat.
Always cut food into pieces to 1/2 inch or the length of your fingertips.
Prefer soft ripe fruits and cut up fruits such as grapes, cherries, berries, raisins or any dried fruit before giving to your baby.
9. Raw Vegetables
Crunchy Raw vegetables such as green peas, string beans, celery, carrots, baby carrot, raw whole corn kernels are too hard for the babies to chew, pieces can get stuck in baby’s throat. Hence these raw vegetables should be avoided for babies.
Food Alternative: Give them soft-cooked peas or mashed beans, and carrots or cut them into bite-sized pieces after cooking.
10. Deep fried snacks, chips, and fast food
Burgers, pizzas, chips, hot dogs, store-bought deep fried items and chat foods are loaded with salt and saturated fats. It may fill the baby’s tummy without providing enough nutrients.
11. High Mercury Fish
Fish is an excellent source of protein, but some varieties of fish are dangerous for small babies (and even toddlers) because of high levels of mercury. The high mercury levels in fish can damage the brain and nervous system of young children. Avoid fish with high mercury levels especially swordfish, king mackerel, shark, marlin for small children between the ages of two and six years old.
You can opt for fish with low mercury levels such as salmon, Pomfret, shrimp, catfish, sardine, anchovies, pollock. Make sure to have a word with your baby’s doctor before introducing fish to your baby. Serve only about two or three ounces of low mercury fish and make sure to remove all bones before serving.
12. Unpasteurized cheese
Cheese is one of the healthiest protein-rich food for babies. But some cheese types that includes soft-ripened cheese, blue-veined cheese, unpasteurized cheese, processed cheese, imported cheese aren’t suitable for young babies. That may pose a food poisoning risk and leads to fatal foodborne illness. For example, brie, camembert, chevre, blue-Veined cheese, Mexican style cheese, etc. should be avoided for babies. Hard chunks of cheese, stringy, melted cheese can also be a choking hazard for babies. So always give cheese in soft buttery form (shred it or mash it) to babies.
Food Alternative: Choose soft cheese like Cream cheese, ricotta, Cheddar, Colby, Swiss, mozzarella, Monterrey, Parmesan, Romano, Cottage Cheese aka paneer. You can make ricotta, cream cheese, cottage cheese/paneer at home quickly, but make sure to use pasteurized milk while making homemade cheese as raw milk may pose bacterial infections.
- Please note that exclusive breastfeeding/formula feeding is recommended till six months.
- The information provided here are guidelines and doesn’t replace medical advice.
- Check with your doctor immediately if your baby has a poor appetite, vomiting or diarrhea, as dehydration leads to dangerous effects. The doctor may help you to determine the cause of the problem and treat it.
- Always check with your pediatrician before introducing any new food.